Category: Morphology


Portmanteau Morpheme Linguistics

Portmanteau morpheme is the same form of a morpheme that performs more than one grammatical function in a language. In another words, there is a single morphological form that has two or more different functions or roles in a language. Portmanteau Morphs are very common in inflectional languages, and are totally absent in isolating languages.


Compound Words in English

What are Compound Words? Compound Words are a special case in Morphology. In simplest terms, they can be defined as words that are composed of two roots or bases. The process of formation of compound words is called as compounding. Compounding is a highly productive word formation process in many languages. The semantic nature and...


Free and Bound Morphemes

Morphemes in linguistics can be classified as bound and free. As the name suggests, a Free Morpheme is a morpheme that can exist independently or stand on its own in a language. On the other hand, a Bound Morpheme can not occur independently in the language. It needs to be bound or attached to some other bound or...


Empty Morphemes in Linguistics

Empty Morphemes have phonological shape or physical structure but do not contain any semantic content. In simple words, they have a form but no function. Empty morphemes are a special case of morphemes in linguistics. Let us look at some typical example cases of empty morpheme in English language: o in speedometer u in factual...


Null Morpheme or Zero Morpheme

What is a Null Morpheme in Linguistics? Null morphemes are a special case of morphemes in linguistics that have some meaning or semantic content, but do not have a phonological shape or, in simple words, they cannot be pronounced by the language speakers. Being phonologically null, they just perform a morpheme’s function of rendering semantic...


What is Morpheme in Linguistics?

Morpheme is generally defined as the minimal unit that has a form and a function in a language. When we say minimal unit, we mean that it cannot be broken down further into more constituents. Hence, the word is not seen as the smallest unit of language.